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We live & breath Ubuntu

This website is dedicated to providing you Video Tutorials in the field of Ubuntu. We take you through the process step by step until you have gained the knowledge necessary.

We offer free video tutorials

Tutorials and documentation tend to be the ugly stepchild of the open source movement but are as important a part of the process as the programming if the goal is to increase the number of people using and benefiting from the software.

Check Out The Code Snippets

It's easy to customize Ubuntu. Our tutorials for this software are applicable across the OS platforms. Of course, given the goals of the site, we want to see the open-source operating systems prosper.

There are a lot of things that make people switch to Ubuntu. title

Perhaps it’s older hardware that needs a refresh, or a complete loathing of all things Apple and Microsoft, or maybe a desire to run all open or free source software.

Start customising Ubuntu today!

I’m going to explain, as easy as humanly possible, how to customize the look and feel of just about anything in Ubuntu.

Thursday, July 3, 2014

Ubuntu Master install ubuntu 14.04

Install ubuntu 14.04





  1. Using a DVD?

    It’s easy to install Ubuntu from a DVD. Here’s what you need to do:
    Put the Ubuntu DVD into the DVD-drive
    Restart your computer. You should see a welcome screen prompting you to choose your language and giving you the option to install Ubuntu or try it from the DVD.
    If you don’t get this menu, read the booting from the DVDguide for more information.

    Using a USB drive?

    Most newer computers can boot from USB. You should see a welcome screen prompting you to choose your language and giving you the option to install Ubuntu or try it from the CD.
    If your computer doesn’t automatically do so, you might need to press the F12 key to bring up the boot menu, but be careful not to hold it down - that can cause an error message.
  2. 2

    Prepare to install Ubuntu

    • We recommend you plug your computer into a power source
    • You should also make sure you have enough space on your computer to install Ubuntu
    • We advise you to select Download updates while installing and Install this third-party software now
    • You should also stay connected to the internet so you can get the latest updates while you install Ubuntu
    • If you’re not connected to the internet, we’ll help you set up wireless at the next step
  3. 3

    Set up wireless

    If you are not connected to the internet, you will be asked to select a wireless network, if available. We advise you to connect during the installation so we can ensure your machine is up to date. So, if you set up your wireless network at this point, it’s worth then clicking the Back button to go back to the last screen (Preparing to install Ubuntu) and ticking the box marked ’Download updates while installing’.
  4. 4

    Allocate drive space

    Use the checkboxes to choose whether you’d like to Install Ubuntu alongside another operating system, delete your existing operating system and replace it with Ubuntu, or — if you’re an advanced user — choose the ’Something else’option
  5. 5

    Begin the installation

    Depending on your previous selections, you can now verify that you have chosen the way in which you would like to install Ubuntu. The installation process will begin when you click the Install Now button.
    Ubuntu needs about 4.5 GB to install, so add a few extra GB to allow for your files.
  6. 6

    Select your location

    If you are connected to the internet, this should be done automatically. Check your location is correct and click’Forward’ to proceed. If you’re unsure of your time zone, type the name of the town you’re in or click on the map and we’ll help you find it.
    TIP: If you’re having problems connecting to the Internet, use the menu in the top-right-hand corner to select a network.
  7. 7

    Select your preferred keyboard layout

    Click on the language option you need. If you’re not sure, click the ’Detect Keyboard Layout’ button for help.
  8. 8

    Enter your login and password details

  9. 9

    Learn more about Ubuntu while 
    the system installs…

    …or make a cup of tea!
  10. 10

    That’s it.

    All that’s left is to restart your computer and start enjoying Ubuntu!

Ubuntu Master ubuntu 14.04 usb instalation

A quick widdle tutorial about installing Ubuntu 14.04 using a USB stick








Use Apt to get the required Unetbootin package or download the tar-ball from the below link for your platform.
  1. http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/
Insert Your USB pen-drive into the Linux machine and Launch Unetbootin.  Check the content above the red line. 

Type should be Usb Device, strictly and if more than one usb device is plugged in you need to know the name of exact Usb device you need to work upon. A wrong selection will lead to wipe your hard disk, so be aware. You can browse to the stored disk image on your hard drive, from the Unetbootin window.

Or alternatively download from the internet, in real time. Although it is a time taking process and may result into error, when larger image is downloaded.

Click OK, and the process of downloading and/or extracting image will start. It will take time depending upon the size of download and/or the file size of ISO image. Once completed, click ‘exit‘.
Plug out the usb storage device safely and plug it into the machine you want to bootRestart it and set that usb storage device to boot first from the BIOS menu which may be F12F8F2 orDel depending upon you machine and build.
You will be greeted with a window as below, from where you can boot into Live Linux Modeand/or Install on Hard Disk from there, directly.

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Ubuntu: Unity Hints Tweaks and Tips

Ubuntu: Unity Hints Tweaks and Tips

Hey everyone I thought i should start putting more effort into this site so fortunately for all those who are regular visitors, I will now have regular weekly updates on our fav o/s. The bellow commands are compliments  of  wiki.indie-it . 

Autorun Media - Disable: How To

By default items such as optical media will autorun when placed in a drive, to disable this behaviour open 'dconf-editor' and locate the following key:
org.gnome.desktop.media-handling
Tick the box for 'autorun-never'

DConf-Editor - Install: How To

The dconf-editor is an essential tool for configuring Ubuntu, however it does not come installed by default.
terminal:~$

sudo apt-get install dconf-tools
After installation run from the launcher:
dconf editor

Desktop Switcher - Remove Icon: How To

This works for those who only require one workspace, if you want multiple workspaces but no icon this is not the fix for you.
Install compiz:
terminal:~$

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
In the Unity Launcher search for compiz and launch the manager application.
Under 'Category' click 'General' then 'General Options' click the 'Desktop Size' tab, then move all the available sliders to '1'.
Logging out then in should remove the icon from the launcher, if not reboot.
Cribbed here.

Global Menu - Disable: How To

NOTE:
There are things you should do however before disabling the Global Menu Support (GMS). Most programmes will revert to individual menus however there are exceptions and if these are not sorted before you remove GMS you will be left without the buttons to close/minimise/maximise:
Firefox: You need to disable the add-on/extension for Global Menu Support before remove un-installing the items above.
Linux Terminal:~$

sudo apt-get remove appmenu-gtk3 appmenu-gtk appmenu-qt 
sudo reboot

Global Menu - LibreOffice - Enable: How To

While LibreOffice is Ubuntu's default office suite does not come with Global Menu support for Unity out of the box. To enable support open the Software Centre and search for:
lo-meunubar
Highlight the result and click 'Install'.

Lock Screen: How To

CTRL + ALT + L

Login Sound: How To Disable

Go to the system icon in the top right hand corner of the screen (the icon to the left of your username), click on it and then click on 'Startup Applications'
In the 'Startup Applications Preferences' window under 'Additional startup programs' locate 'GNOME login sound' and untick the checkbox.
12.04 - Login sound has now been removed by default.

Multiple Instances Of A Programme - View All Instances: How To

Open the Unity Launcher
Click once on the programme you want to see all instances of
Click once more, all the instance of the programme should now tile on the screen while all the other programmes minimise

NFS Automounted Home LightDM Broken Login: How To Fix

terminal:~$

sudo apt-get install gdm
Choose gdm instead of lightdm, then reboot. If it does not ask you first time (or if you want to change it back to lightdm), run
terminal:~$

sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm

Quicklists: An Overview

It is possible in Unity to edit the information seen when you right click on a launcher icon.
NOTES:
You can add whichever folder shortcuts to the launcher just ensure you follow the same formatting, i.e.
[Writer Shortcut Group]
Name=Writer
Exec=libreoffice -writer %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity
The entries at the end of the line 'X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=' can be edited to show the shortcuts in whatever order you require; i.e. alphabetically.
The '[.... Shortcut Group]' entries do not have to match the order shown in the 'X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=' line.
After editing Quick Lists you will need to log out/restart after your final edit before the tweak will become live.

Quicklists: Google Chrome

Linux Termainal:~$

sudo cp /usr/share/applications/google-chrome.desktop ~/.local/share/applications
gedit ~/.local/share/applications/google-chrome.desktop
Add the following code to the end of the file:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=NewWindow;Incognito
 
[NewWindow Shortcut Group]
Name=Open New Window
Exec=google-chrome
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Incognito Shortcut Group]
Name=Incognito Mode
Exec=google-chrome --incognito
TargetEnvironment=Unity
Save and close the file. Restart Unity
Linux Termainal:~$

unity --replace

Quicklists: Home Folder

Copy 'Home Folder' launcher file to your home directory:
terminal:~$

mkdir ~/.local/share/applications
cp /usr/share/applications/nautilus-home.desktop ~/.local/share/applications
Open the file for editing in gedit:
terminal:~$

gedit ~/.local/share/applications/nautilus-home.desktop
In the existing text find and delete the following line:
OnlyShowIn=GNOME;
At the bottom of the existing text add the following, then close and save:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=Videos;Documents;Music;Pictures;Downloads
[Videos Shortcut Group]
Name=Videos
Exec=nautilus Videos
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Documents Shortcut Group]
Name=Documents
Exec=nautilus Documents
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Music Shortcut Group]
Name=Music
Exec=nautilus Music
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Pictures Shortcut Group]
Name=Pictures
Exec=nautilus Pictures
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Downloads Shortcut Group]
Name=Downloads
Exec=nautilus Downloads
TargetEnvironment=Unity
Log out and log in again to see the changes.
You can add whichever folder shortcuts to the launcher just ensure you follow the same formatting.
NOTE: The items at the end of the line 'X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=' can be edited to show the shortcuts in whatever order you require; i.e. alphabetically. The '[.... Shortcut Group]' do not have to match the order shown in the 'X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=' line.

Quicklists: LibreOffice

Copy 'LibreOffice' launcher file to your home directory:
cp /usr/share/applications/libreoffice-startcenter.desktop ~/.local/share/applications
Open the file in gedit:
gedit ~/.local/share/applications/libreoffice-startcenter.desktop
Lastly add the following to the file:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=Writer;Impress;Calc;Math;Draw

[Writer Shortcut Group]
Name=Writer
Exec=libreoffice -writer %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Impress Shortcut Group]
Name=Impress
Exec=libreoffice -impress %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Calc Shortcut Group]
Name=Calc
Exec=libreoffice -calc %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Math Shortcut Group]
Name=Math
Exec=libreoffice -math %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[Draw Shortcut Group]
Name=Draw
Exec=libreoffice -draw %U
TargetEnvironment=Unity

Quicklists: Mozilla Firefox

Copy the 'Firefox' launcher to your home directory:
cp /usr/share/applications/firefox.desktop ~/.local/share/applications
Open the copied file in gedit:
gedit ~/.local/share/applications/firefox.desktop
Locate and edit the following line:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=NewWindow;
Change it to read:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=NewWindow;SafeMode;ProfileManager;
Add the following to the bottom of the document:
[SafeMode Shortcut Group]
Name=Open Firefox in safe mode
Exec=firefox -safe-mode
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[ProfileManager Shortcut Group]
Name=Firefox Profile Manager
Exec=firefox -ProfileManager
TargetEnvironment=Unity
To add a link to open a particular URL:
[MakeTechEasier Shortcut Group]
Name=Launch Indie IT
Exec=firefox "indie-it.com"
TargetEnvironment=Unity

Quicklists: Mozilla Thunderbird

Copy the 'Thunderbird' launcher to your home directory:
cp /usr/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop ~/.local/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop
Open the copied file in gedit:
gedit ~/.local/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop
Locate and edit the following line:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=Compose;Contacts
Change it to read:
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts=Compose;AddressBook;ProfileManager;
Add the following to the bottom of the document:
[Compose Shortcut Group]
Name=Compose
Exec=thunderbird -compose
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[AddressBook Shortcut Group]
Name=Address Book
Exec=thunderbird -addressbook
TargetEnvironment=Unity

[ProfileManager Shortcut Group]
Name=Profile Manager
Exec=thunderbird -ProfileManager
TargetEnvironment=Unity

Reset - Unity: How To

Been tweaking Unity and it has all gone horribly wrong, try the following:
Linux Terminal:~$
dconf reset -f /org/compiz/
unity --reset

Reset - Unity Launcher Icons: How To

Likewise for the Unity Launcher Icons is they have gone squiffy:
Linux Terminal:~$

unity --reset-icons &disown

Root User - Set Password & Allow Login Via LightDM: How To

Unlike many other Linux distributions Ubuntu does not by default come with a Root (super user) account.
Linux Terminal:~$

sudo -i
passwd root
Follow the prompts to add the password for root.
Linux Terminal:~$

sudo nano /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
Add the line:
greeter-show-manual-login = true
Save changes (CTRL+o) press enter, then exit (CTRL+x)
Close the terminal and restart system
The above information gratefully gleaned from here.

Software Sources: How To Add

Software Sources can be accessed via the launcher, the Ubuntu Software Centre or of course via the terminal.

Scrollbars - Revert To Classic Style: How To

Open Synaptic and search for:
liboverlay-scrollbar
Uninstall the above.

Startup Applications - Show Hidden: How To

Linux Terminal:~$

sudo sed -i "s/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g" /etc/xdg/autostart/*.desktop

Synaptic Package Manager

By default Synaptic Package Manager is not installed, in a terminal:
terminal:~$

sudo apt-get install synaptic

HOWTO USB Drives - Disable Automounting

By default any external USB drive when plugged in will be automatically mounted, to disable this behaviour run 'dconf-editor' locate the following key:
org.gnome.desktop.media-handling

Saturday, October 19, 2013

Software Scripts

Software Scripts


Ubuntu Software Scripts are simple to use for automating the the installation of software addons and plugins. I use a number of the scripts below to configure addons for Gimp that open up a whole new world of functionality within Gimp.

Also check out the LibreOffice scripts to make sure you get the full range of functionality from your office software. If you know of some scripts I have overlooked please contact me with links to your favorite scripts.


Easy Ubuntu scripts (Collection)

Collection Of Gimp Scripts

Tried and true Nginx init script.

Groovy Uno Office Scripts

TuxLite scripts

Post Install Scripts

Post Installation Scripts

Ok I admit it, I am lazy! But honestly does anyone really get thrilled to bits when it comes time to re-install your operating system. Lazy or not Ubuntu post install scripts takes the boredom of a system that requires a lot of software. They are simple to use if you are comfortable with Linux terminal, so give them a try I am sure you will like them!
Ubuntu Post Install Script Ubuntu Post Install Scripts are simple to use for automating the reconfiguration of a fresh Ubuntu installation –installing favourite applications, setting up configurations, etc.


Post-Install Script for Ubuntu (13.04)

(UPIT) Post-Install Script for Ubuntu (13.04)

Another Ubuntu Post-Install Tool for Ubuntu (13.04)

Alfresco Ubuntu Install Script(13.04)

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Top things to do after installing Linux Mint 15

Top things to do after installing Linux Mint 15
Since I did my last post on stuff to do after installing Linux Mint 14 XFCE, two things have become obvious.  First of all, I needed to set up a new blog for this sort of stuff, because Dikkii’s Diatribe wasn’t really an appropriate venue for this.
But secondly, my ageing ASUS EeePC 1008HA Seashell finally gave out and I went about getting a replacement.  I ended up settling on the ASUS x202e Vivobook – the US version, which is the Core i3 powered version.  For whatever reason, the version of this that we get in Australia is the Celeron powered version.
I actually think that I may have settled on the exact right sized laptop PC.  This is 11.6, making a large netbook, but absolutely portable in all the right circumstances.  Of course, it came with Windows 8 installed, but I immediately went about putting Linux Mint on.
It reminds me that one day, I really should do a post about installation itself – it’s reasonably easy, but there are a couple of tricks.
And there are a couple of great new things in Mint 15.  The new menu, for example, is great, and I don’t think that I’ll bother installing MintMenu this time around.
Linux Mint is one of the top free operating systems widely used in the world and currently receives the highest hits at DistroWatch.
Even though it's  an Ubuntu-based system, Linux Mint features only one panel at the bottom which looks closer to the taskbar in the Windows system, and a well-organized start menu complete with a useful Search box. It also pre-installs some proprietary software, including the Adobe Flash plugin and necessary media codecs, by default so that you can view streaming media, such as YouTube videos in a browser, and play mp3, mp4 or most other media files with a player right away out of the box.
The MATE Edition of Linux Mint 13 to 15 uses MATE, a traditional desktop environment which continues to develop as a fork of GNOME 2. If you have this Edition installed in your PC, you might find these tips and tricks useful for working with the system.

Pin Programs to the Panel
Frequently used programs can be easily pinned to the panel.
  1. Browse to a program from Menu > Applications.
  2. Drag and drop the program to an empty space in the panel, or right-click the program and select "Add to panel".
  3. Right click the program icon, select "Move" and drop it to a new place in the panel.
  4. Right click the program icon and select "Lock to Panel".

Set Fully Transparent Panel
When you set the panel to be transparent in the default Mint-X theme, you will find that some panel items' backgrounds are not transparent, but you can opt for one of the other themes which come with the transparent background for the panel items. If you prefer the default theme with the items' backgrounds transparent, some tweaks are needed with the steps below:
  1. Click Menu and select Terminal.
  2. Enter sudo cp -R /usr/share/themes/Mint-X ~/.themes/
  3. Enter sudo pluma ~/.themes/Mint-X/gtk-2.0/Apps/panel.rc to open the file with the default text editor.
  4. Search for two instances of "Panel/panelbg.png"
  5. Comment out the two lines by placing a # at the beginning of the lines, for example: #   bg_pixmap[NORMAL] = ...
  6. Save the file.
  7. Log out and log back in to the system.

 Set Preferences for the Mint Menu
Like the Windows' Start button, Linux Mint has an advanced Gnome menu called "mintMenu" where you can start doing things like running a program, looking for files, log out or quit the system and so on.
This menu allows you to set your personal preferences with the steps below, for example:
  1. Right click "Menu", select "Preferences".
  2. In the "Main button" tab, remove the word "Menu" from the "Button text" box if you like to hide the text.
  3. Change the keyboard shortcut from <Control>Super_L to others, such as Super_R, if you'd like to just press the right Windows key to get to the menu. (This change only takes effect after logging out and back in the system.)
  4. Change the Button icon from /usr/lib/linuxmint/mintMenu/visualisation-logo.png to /usr/lib/linuxmint/mintMenu/mintMenu.png, as shown in the screenshot. (Caution: avoid changing to a huge size image which might affect the panel.)
Other preferences can also be set in the various tabs such as Theme, Applications and Favorites.

Add a Program Shortcut from the Mint Menu
Quite often a shortcut is automatically added to the Menu when you install an application, but you might encounter a program that does not. In which case, you need to manually add a shortcut for it to run from the Menu. This can be done without breaking a sweat.
  1. Right-click the Mint Menu and select "Edit menu".
  2. Click a software category for example Sound & Video under Applications.
  3. At the right panel, click "+New Item".
  4. Type in a name for the application, for example, ClipGrab.
  5. To the right of "Command", browse to the application where you've downloaded, for example,/home/username/Downloads/clipgrab-3.2.1.0
  6. Click OK and Close buttons.
Note: If an executable file is not accessible, try to add permission to execute the file in the Terminal, for this example assuming the file is extracted to the "Downloads" folder:
cd ~/Downloads
chmod +x clipgrab-3.2.1.0
Enable Superbar
In Windows 7, frequently used programs can be pinned to the taskbar (hence called Superbar). Likewise, DockBarX, a new applet can now be added to the MATE panel of Linux Mint 13 and 14 to achieve almost the same effect to pin and unpin or launch the applications from the panel. (Note: At time of this article update, DockbarX has not yet supported for Linux Mint 15.)
  1. Go to this page to download the Debian package for DockBarX.
  2. Double-click the downloaded file to install.
  3. Log out and log back into the system, then right click the panel and click “Add to Panel”.
  4. Select the DockBarX Applet and click "Add".
When you run an application in the next log-in session, an icon will appear in the DockBarX on the panel. You can then right-click the icon to pin the application to the DockBarX or vice versa.

Open Up a Window in Center
When running an application without maximized, Linux Mint always puts it in the left-top corner of the desktop by default unless you configure it. Linux Mint 15 comes with MATE 1.6 and it offers a new option to open new windows on the center of the screen. To enable this option in Linux Mint 15, enter the following command in a Terminal:
gsettings set org.mate.Marco.general center-new-windows true
As an alternative, you can use this handy tool gDevilspie to automatically detect and move the window of an application, such as Terminal, to the center of the desktop. You just need to set it up once for the applications you need and it's good for use each time you log into the system.
  1. Go to Menu > Accessories > gDevilspie (Download gDevilspie if not installed)
  2. Tick "Start devilspie daemon automatically at login"
  3. Click the Add button and name a new rule.
  4. Under the Matching tab, tick 'application_name' and type Terminal, for example, in the 'matches' box.
  5. Under the Actions tab, tick 'center'.
  6. Click the Save button, then the Start button.
Ideally, the window manager in Linux Mint should restore the last known position of an application window, but it doesn't do that unless an application remembers its own window position. Using this tool, however, you can do more controls over the application windows by the rules you set.
 Roll Up and Down a Window
When you double-click the title bar of a window, the default setting is to maximize a window. Since there's already a maximize button you can use for this, I always like to change the default setting to rolling up a window when I double-click on its title bar.
  1. Go to Menu > Control Center > Personal
  2. Click "Windows" to open up "Window Preferences".
  3. In "Titlebar Action", select "Roll up" (or "Shade") from the drop-down list.
Now you can roll up a window when you double-click its title bar, and roll it down by double-clicking the title bar again. Simple as that.
 Customize a Theme
Linux Mint is using the Mint-X as the default theme, but you can customize it to suit your preferences easily.
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Appearance
  2. Click the "Customize" button.
  3. Select one of the tabs, such as Controls.
  4. Choose one of the controls from the list, then click the "Close" button.
  5. Now it becomes your Custom theme and you can save it as a new theme.
 Hide Drive Icons on the Desktop
In addition to the Computer and Home icons, Linux Mint adds an icon to the desktop for every removable drive that you attach to your system. The icons can be hidden by these steps:
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Desktop Settings
  2. Untick Computer, Home and Mounted Volumes, then close the window.
The drive icons as well as Computer and Home icons will then disappear from the desktop. Remember that you can always access the drives from Menu > Places.
 Set a Default View in File Browser
Windows Explorer allows for users to set a default view to all folders. In almost the same way, Linux Mint's Caja File Browser allows for these settings:
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > System Tools > File Browser.
  2. At the top of the File Browser, click "Edit" and "Preference".
  3. Under Default View, change "Icon View" to "List View", which lists more details in columns.
  4. Tick "Show hidden and backup files" if that's your choice.
Other various settings, such as single or double click to open items, icon captions, list columns, preview files and media handling can be done in the same window as well.
 Change a Folder Icon
When running a Caja file browser, you will see that the folder icons are predetermined by the theme you set. If you wish to change a folder icon to another for it to stand out from the system-wide icons, follow these steps:
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > System Tools > Caja File Browser, right click a folder icon, select Properties.
  2. Under the Basic tab, click the icon image to open up the "Select Custom Icon" window.
  3. In the Location field, type /usr/share/icons, press Enter. (You can hide or unhide the Location field by clicking the Edit button on the top-left of the window.)
  4. Browse and select an icon you want.
  5. Click the Open button on the bottom-right of the window to confirm.
Note: You can change your custom folder icon back to the default by clicking the "Revert" button in the "Select Custom Icon" window at Step 2 above.
 Create an Advanced File Browser
In the Mint file system, you can use Caja file browser to browse most files but can only write files in your home folder /home/your_name and its sub-folders such as Desktop and Documents. If you have to rename a folder or write files outside of your home folder using the file browser, you won't be able to but you can create an advanced file browser for this purpose.
  1. Advanced File BrowserGo to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Main Menu
  2. Select "Accessories" in the left panel and click "New Item" in the right panel.
  3. Enter a name such as Advanced File Browser in the "Name" box.
  4. Enter gksu caja in the "Command" field.
  5. Click the "OK" button and the "Close" button.
Now you can go to Menu > Applications > Accessories and see that the Advanced File Browser is ready for use. But be careful since you can use it to delete or change any files on your system.
 Add or Change Keyboard Shortcuts
Keyboard shortcuts are preset in the system, but you can add new ones or change them easily. For instance, the keyboard shortcut to the Terminal is disabled by default and you can change it to Ctrl+Alt+T which is common in Linux system.
  1. Go To Menu > Applications > Preferences > Keyboard Shortcuts
  2. Browse to Desktop > "Run a terminal"
  3. Click on the Shortcut, and it shows "New shortcut..."
  4. Press Ctrl+Alt+T, and it shows Ctrl+Alt+T
  5. Click the Close button and try the new shortcut.
Note 1: To disable a shortcut, press Backspace when it shows "New shortcut..." after the step 3 above.
Note 2: Shortcuts begin with XF86 refer to special keys available to some multimedia keyboards.
 Terminate Unresponsive Programs
Xkill is part of the X11 utilities pre-installed in Linux Mint and a tool for terminating misbehaving X clients or unresponsive programs. You can easily add a shortcut key to launch xkill with the steps below.
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Keyboard Shortcuts.
  2. Click the Add button to create a custom shortcut.
  3. Enter xkill to both the Name and Command boxes and click the Applybutton.
  4. Click on Disabled at the xkill row in the Keyboard Shortcuts window (Disabled is then changed to New shortcut...).
  5. Press a new key combination, e.g. Ctrl+Alt+X (New shortcut... is then changed to Ctrl+Alt+X).
  6. Click the Close button.
Xkill is ready for use. Press the above key combination to turn the cursor to an X-sign, move the X-sign and drop it into a program interface to terminate the unresponsive program, or cancel the X-sign with a right-click.
Note: As an alternative, you can right-click the panel, select "Add to panel", then choose "Force Quit" to add to the panel. This works similarly to the above but it's activated from a button on the panel instead of the keyboard shortcut.
 Re-start System without Rebooting
If you press Ctrl+Alt+Delete, Linux Mint brings you a menu to shut down, restart, or suspend your system. But for some reason you might encounter that the system freezes, the mouse cursor can't move, neither pressing Ctrl+Alt+Delete can work.
As an alternative, you can also use Ctrl+Alt+Backspace to do the same. If this shortcut key is disabled, you can easily enable it by the following steps:
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Keyboard.
  2. Select the “Layouts” tab and click the “Options” button.
  3. Select “Key sequence to kill the X server” and enable “Control + Alt + Backspace”.
 Set Sound Preferences
If you use a PC with an integrated audio device and it has no sound when playing a media file on a player, try these simple steps to set Sound Preferences for your PC. It works for me for the audio device I have.
  1. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Sound to bring up the Sound Preferences window.
  2. Under the Hardware tab, change Profile to Analog Stereo Duplex from the drop-down menu.
  3. Click "Test Speakers" to check if it works.
As the items available from the drop-down menus might differ depending on the hardware devices detected by the system, you might want to try other items in the menus to see if they work for your devices.
 Change or Disable Login Sound
Each time when you login to Linux Mint, it plays a login sound. If you don't like to listen to it each time you login, you can easily disable it, or change it to your favorite sound.
  1. Go to Menu > Administration > Login Window.
  2. Under the "Accessibility" tab, change to a sound you like from the drop-down menu for "Login successful", click "Play" to try the sound if needed.
  3. If you want to disable the log-in sound, untick "Login successful"
Log out and log back in to check the new setting for login sound. Similarly you can try out sounds for "Login screen ready" and "Login failed".

Install Extra Fonts
Do you prefer Windows TrueType fonts to the default fonts installed by Linux Mint? The mscorefonts package containing most Microsoft fonts can be installed and configured easily in a few steps below:
  1. Go to Menu > Terminal.
  2. Paste sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer into the Terminal (by pressing Ctrl-Shift-V in the Terminal after copying the highlighted code).
  3. When prompted, use the arrow left/right keys to navigate and agree to the EULA license terms for the install.
  4. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Appearance > Fonts.
  5. Click each of them, pick a font and size to configure for window title and so on.
How about installing more TrueType fonts? With your font files, you can manually add them into the system following the steps below:
  1. Press Alt+F2 to bring up "Run Application" window.
  2. Paste gksu caja /usr/share/fonts/truetype into the box, click "Run" to open Caja File Browser in the right folder.
  3. Create a new sub-folder and copy your files ending with .ttf into the sub-folder.
  4. Enter sudo fc-cache -f -v in the Terminal to rebuild the font information.
Besides this, you can run an application such as Font-Manager to view, install, remove fonts and so on.
Note: If you like the Tahoma font which is not included in the mscorefonts package, you might want to copy the two files tahoma.ttf and tahomabd.ttf from /Windows/Fonts and install them.

Install Screenlets
Screenlets are small applications to represent things such as sticky notes, clocks, calendars around on your desktop. You can launch a pre-installed screenlet from Screenlet Manager, or install a new one into the Manager for launching it. Here are the steps for installing and launching a screenlet, for example, WaterMark System Information.
  1. Install Screenlets app if it has not been added.
  2. Download the screenlet "WaterMark System Information" to a folder.
  3. Go to Menu > Applications > Accessories > Screenlets.
  4. Click Install, select Install Screenlet and click OK.
  5. Browse to the folder, select the file downloaded and click "Open" to install the screenlet into the Screenlets manager.
  6. Select the screenlet "WaterMark" and click "Launch/Add". (Tips: you can add more than one WaterMark screenlet and set it to display other system information.)
More screenlets are available for installation from screenlets.org.
  Install Oracle Java Packages
Linux Mint uses OpenJDK by default, but some web services might need the Oracle Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to be installed for running the services properly. If you would like to get the proprietary Oracle Java package for your system, you can download and install it with the steps below:
  1. Go to Menu > Terminal.
  2. Enter sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java to add the partner repository.
  3. Enter sudo apt-get update to update the source list.
  4. Enter sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer
At any time, you can check the Java version you're using and configure it when necessary:
  • Enter sudo java -version to check the version of the Java used in the system.
  • Enter sudo update-alternatives --config java to choose the default Java for use in the system.
 Install Apps from Ubuntu Apps Directory
The Ubuntu Apps Directory is one of the good sources to look for applications to run in Linux Mint system. On a web page listing a product such as K3b, you can click a download button, in which the APT protocol is applied to invoke the default package manager to download and install software for you, right from a web browser and pretty straightforward.
This works well when you're using Firefox which allows you to choose "AptUrl" to handle the protocol. If "AptUrl" is not listed, press the "Choose" button then browse to File System > usr > bin, select apturl to open and click "OK".
If you're using Chrome, clicking the download button triggers "xdg-open" and it is unable to detect the MATE desktop environment.
With some tweaks below, you can then use Chrome to download software from the Ubuntu Apps Directory.
  1. Go to Menu > Terminal
  2. Enter gksu pluma /usr/bin/xdg-open
  3. Search for detectDE(), then above this line else DE="", insert a new line:
    elif [ x"$MATE_DESKTOP_SESSION_ID" != x"" ]; then DE=mate;
  4. Search for open_gnome(), then after the section of open_gnome() {...}, insert a new section:
    open_mate()
    {
    if gvfs-open --help 2>/dev/null 1>&2; then
    gvfs-open "$1"
    else
    mate-open "$1"
    fi
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
    exit_success
    else
    exit_failure_operation_failed
    fi
    }
  5. Search for this line case "$DE" in, and after this line, add a new section:
    mate)
    open_mate "$url"
    ;;
  6. Save the file and retry the download links.
 Add More Useful Software
Linux Mint's Software Manager lets you search and get free software, or straight from the Menu, you can type an application name into the Search box to see if the software has been installed and ready for use. If the software has not been installed, you can click "Install" when a software package is shown in the search result. What's more, you can also go to Menu > Package Manager, type in an application name to search and install a software package from the repositories.
Besides this, you can browse the Ubuntu Apps Directory to find software products you need as mentioned in the tip above.
Alternatively, you can get the latest freeware applications by clicking the Install this now button from theGetDeb Repository after the getdeb package is installed with the instructions given.
 Auto Mount Drives at System Startup
Linux Mint is capable of reading and writing files stored on Windows formatted partitions using NTFS file system, but partitions must be 'mounted' before they can be accessed. With these steps, you can auto mount the drives or partitions without the need to manually mount them for access each time you start up the system. Below are two ways of doing it, either using Storage Device Manager or adding an entry in the fstab file.
Method 1: Using Storage Device Manager (This app is not yet available for Linux Mint 14 [using the upstream Ubuntu 12.10] and the newer version at time of checking)
  1. Install Storage Device Manager from Ubuntu Apps Directory if the application is not available in your system.
  2. Go to Menu > Applications > Administration > Storage Device Manager.
  3. Extend the list of sda and select the sda you want to auto mount, click 'OK' to configure.
  4. Click the "Assistant" button.
  5. Uncheck "Mount file system in read only mode" and keep "The file system is mounted at boot time" checked.
  6. Click the "Mount", "Apply" then "Close" button, and restart the system.
In case you wish to remove the auto-mount of a certain drive or partition, you can similarly use Storage Device Manager to do the setting.
Method 2: Adding an Entry in the 'fstab' File
  1. In the Terminal, enter sudo blkid to get the UUID (Universally Unique Identifier) of the partition you want to mount.
  2. Enter sudo mkdir /media/ntfs to create a mount point
  3. Enter gksu pluma /etc/fstab and add the following line in the fstab file:
    UUID=1234567890123456 /media/ntfs ntfs rw,nosuid,nodev,noatime,allow_other 0 0
  4. Replace the above 16-digit number with the UUID you've got from step 1, then click 'Save'.
Restart the system and check if the partition is mounted.  To identify disk partitions by label, either use sudo blkid or ls /dev/disk/by-label -g in the Terminal. To view partition sizes and file systems, enter sudo fdisk -l. Disks app mentioned in "Name or Label a Partition" also gives you a glance of device numbers, partition types, sizes and labels.
  Manually Mount a USB Drive
A USB storage device plugged into the system usually mounts automatically, but if for some reasons it doesn't automount, it's possible to manually mount it with these steps.
  1. Go to Menu > Terminal.
  2. Enter sudo mkdir /media/usb to create a mount point called usb.
  3. Enter sudo fdisk -l to look for the USB drive already plugged in, let's say the drive you want to mount is /dev/sdb1.
  4. Enter sudo mount -t vfat /dev/sdb1 /media/usb -o uid=1000,gid=100,utf8,dmask=027,fmask=137 to mount a USB drive formatted with FAT16 or FAT32 system. OR:
    Enter sudo mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /media/usb to mount a USB drive formatted with NTFS system.
To unmount it, just enter sudo umount /media/usb in the Terminal.
 Name or Label a Partition
The File Browser shows the root directory as File System for your Mint system partition. If you have other partitions (or volumes), it shows them as xx GB Filesystem if they’re not named or labelled.
Using Disks app is one of the effective ways to name a partition easily:
  1. Disk UtilityInstall Disks app from the Ubuntu Apps Directory if it has not been added.
  2. Go to Menu > Applications > Preferences > Disks
  3. Select the item Hard Disk.
  4. In the Volumes section, click a partition you want to label.
  5. Click the 'More actions' button below the Volumes section then select "Edit Filesystem Label"
  6. In the Label box, enter a name, e.g. Data-Disk, and click Apply.
The file manager should now show the partition label, such as Data-Disk, instead of xx GB Filesystem. This tip is for naming a partition using the application; use other advanced features such as format, edit or delete partition with caution as they can delete data on your disk.

Auto Start Up an Application
In Windows, you can place a program shortcut in a startup folder for running a program automatically when the system starts. In Linux Mint, you can do the same in this way:
  1. Auto Start Up ApplicationsGo To Menu > Applications > Preferences > Startup Applications
  2. Click the "Add" button.
  3. Name a program.
  4. Click the "Browse" button and navigate to File System > usr > bin, where programs are usually installed.
  5. Select a program, click the "Open" button followed by the "Add" button.
The above program will then be listed in additional startup programs. Check if the program runs automatically by logging out and back to the system.

Change a Login Screen and Theme
Linux Mint offers you a Mint Display Manager (MDM) to configure a login session. You can use it to change a login screen or a theme you like in a few steps:
  1. MGM Theme with a User ListGo to Menu > Administration > "Login Window" to open this window "Login Window Preferences".
  2. Under the "Local" tab, select a built-in theme, then log out and back in to try a new log-in screen.
Get a Theme showing User Names
Using a theme that lists user names on a login screen saves you the trouble of typing out a username each time you log in. Besides selecting an existing theme that supports a user list, you can also download a similar theme for installation. For example:
  1. Download a theme supporting a user list from gnome-look.org, such as Super Brothers mdm (an MDM theme for Linux Mint 13) or Green Glass GDM (a GDM theme for Linux Mint 14 and 15).
  2. Drag and drop the theme file (.tar.gz) to the MDM, under the "Local" tab with the style "Themed with face browser" or "GDM" chosen.
  3. Click "Install", select this new theme and enjoy a new login session with a user list.
Tweak a GDM Theme for MDM Display Manager (For Linux Mint 13 only; Linux Mint 14 and 15 support legacy GDM-2 themes)
Some themes are made for Gnome Display Manager (GDM), but you can also add it to MDM with just a minor tweak if you're using Linux Mint 13:
  1. Right click a downloaded theme file (.tar.gz) and select "Open With Archive Manager" from the context menu.
  2. Double click the folder inside the archive manager, then double click this file "GdmGreeterTheme.desktop" in the expanded folder.
  3. In the opened text editor Gedit, change this line [GdmGreeterTheme] to [MdmGreeterTheme], click "Save", "Update" and close Gedit.
  4. Right click the file "GdmGreeterTheme.desktop" and rename to "MdmGreeterTheme.desktop", then close the archive manager.
The archived theme file is then tweaked and can be added to the MGM for use.

Change Default Boot Options
After full installation, Linux Mint is set to be the default operating system to boot up if no key is pressed within a few seconds on a multi-boot system. You might want to set your preferred operating system to boot up by default. This can be done easily with Grub Customizer.
Press Ctrl-Alt-T to call up Terminal, copy following codes and paste (Ctrl-Shift-V) them inside Terminal to install Grub Customizer.
  1. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
  2. sudo apt-get update
  3. sudo apt-get install grub-customizer
After installation, run Grub Customizer to set the default boot options with the following steps.
  1. Press Alt-F2, type grub-customizer into the box and press Enter to run it.
  2. Under the "General Settings" tab, select the default entry you like to boot up from the drop-down menu.
  3. Adjust the timeout value if needed, then press the Close button and the Save button.
Avoid changing timeout to 0 seconds if you need to select a system to boot up from a multi-boot menu.
 Remove Old Linux Kernel, Clean Up Boot Menu
Each time when Linux Mint updates to a new Linux kernel, the old one is left behind and the boot menu gets longer. If your new Linux kernel works well, it's safe to remove the old one and clean up the boot menu. Do take these steps carefully as incorrect removal of the items can make your system unbootable.
  1. Go to Menu > Terminal.
  2. Enter uname -r to print the Linux kernel version you're running (e.g. 3.2.0-23-generic).
  3. Go to Menu > Package Manager.
  4. Click Status from the left panel and select Installed.
  5. Enter the main version number (e.g. 3.2.0) in the Search box.
  6. Right-click the items with smaller sub version number (e.g. 3.2.0-22) for older Linux kernel and selectMark for Complete Removal. The files for the older version to remove may include linux-headers-3.2.0-22, linux-headers-3.2.0-22-generic and linux-image-3.2.0-22-generic.
  7. Click Apply from the top panel.
  8. Click Apply again from the pop-up window to confirm removal of the marked packages. The boot menu will be cleaned up automatically after the removal is confirmed.
Note: Try also Grub Customizer which can be used to hide items from the boot menu. Just install the program by entering the following in the Terminal, then run the program, delete the items you want to hide and click 'Save'.
  1. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
  2. sudo apt-get update
  3. sudo apt-get install grub-customizer
  Auto Shutdown the System
A simple command can be entered in the Terminal to schedule a time for the system to shut down.
  1. Go Menu > Terminal.
  2. Enter sudo shutdown -h +m (replace m with the number of minutes, e.g. +60).
    OR: enter sudo shutdown -h hh:mm (replace hh:mm with the time on the 24hr clock, e.g. 23:15).
  3. Enter password and minimize the Terminal window.
The system will then shut down within the minutes or at the time specified. To cancel a scheduled time, entersudo shutdown -c in the Terminal.
Alternatively, you might want to download and install GShutdown, which is a GUI program for scheduling a time to shutdown the system.

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